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中国公众参与观察
中国公众参与观察2015年1月合刊
阅读:1510次    发布时间:2015-2-3
 


 
 

2015年第1期(1月1日-1月31日) 总第87期

2015年2月2日 星期一

要闻 Headline

立法动态

基本医疗卫生法立法工作全面启动
The legislation of basic health care regulation has been initiated

《广告法(修订草案)》二次审议稿征求意见19日截止 涉烟草广告修改引争议
The second review of draft amendment to Advertisement Law is collecting public opinions

中国拟出台外国投资法
Legislation of foreign investment law is on the agenda

全国首部居家养老条例或5月起实施 明确子女义务
The first regulation requiring care for the elder may be put into practice in May

国家赔偿法律制度操作性不强 监督问责机制不健全
National compensation regulations are facing multiple practical issues

人大代表建议制定慈善法 内司委正积极开展起草工作
People’s congress deputy proposes to make charity law

电商立法正在加紧进行专家建议 秉持以网治网原则重视网络自治
Authorities are consulting experts for legislation of E-Commerce


行政法治


我国出台规章打击非法制售使用窃听窃照器材等行为
New regulation aims to stop illegal sale and usage of wiretap

广东省法制办启动对深圳限牌合法性审查
Guangdong begins to review the legality of Shenzhen government’s decision which restricts the issuing of automobile’s licenses

政府信息公开“成绩单”观察:表扬与自我表扬居多
 Comments on OGI results: Compliments occupy the majority


环保部官员详解按日计罚:可连续处罚直至改正
Official of Environmental Protection Ministry explains the calculation of punishment on daily basis

税务总局推出2015年十大改革路线图
Tax authority publishes its ten reform projects in 2015

淘宝网“叫板”工商总局事件透视:新“婆媳”之争
Taobao vs. SAIC: New conflicts



司法观察

 

贵州金沙县环保局执法不力被当地检察院起诉
Local environmental protection authority was prosecuted for lame enforcement

不公开环境信息 环保部门被告上法庭
Environmental protection administer was sued for not to disclose information


内蒙古高院决定:呼格吉勒图家人获200余万元国家赔偿金
Inner Mongolia court: Huugjilt’s family receives national compensation of more than two millions

北京法院公布2014年民意沟通十大“利器”
Beijing court publishes ten favorable methods to promote communications between the public and authorities

北京法院通过APP推送59万条信息
Beijing court forwards 590 thousand messages through its official APP

周强在全国高级法院院长会议上强调 为全面深化改革依法治国作出更大贡献
Zhou Qiang emphasizes the importance of courts to promote rule-by-law

晒一晒司法体制改革“早收清单”
The list of accomplishments in judicial system reform


评论精华

 

院士增选让官员走开
Academician enrollment rules out government officials

法治社会不容“大妈拆迁队”
Society ruled by law should say “no” to the “grandma demolition team”

“证据为王”提高司法公信力
“Evidence is king”: Judicial credibility will be promoted

法治建设的理论创新
Theoretical innovation in rule-by-law

健全宪法制度是依宪治国的前提
Good constitution is the premise to rule by constitution

影视业反腐"好戏"将上演 看中纪委如何“捉猫”?
Anti-corruption in filming industry is on the way

 

典型案例

 

“石油反垄断第一案”原被告均对一审判决提出上诉
First oil antitrust case: both sides appeal to the higher court
 

黑龙江在押犯猎艳事件调查:监狱长等14人被处理
Criminal sex scandal in Heilongjiang: 14 officials have been punished

广东“民告官”去年增四成
Guangdong: administrative litigation increases by 40%

工商总局:阿里“五宗罪”
 SAIC: “Five Sins” of Alibaba



 

 

要闻聚焦:挖房增值,可知违法?

媒体评论:(Comments From Media)

 

北京四合院私挖地下室成风 房产“增值”上千万

It becomes popular to dig basement in Beijing traditional quadrangle courtyard

徐州人大代表违法挖地下室 致四合院坍塌路面塌陷
Deputy in Xuzhou people’s congress dug his own basement which causes the road to sink

私挖地下室致塌陷引思考 谁来监管四合院内违建
 Who should regulate the illegal construction inside the Beijing traditional quadrangle courtyard?

四合院里私挖18米深地下室致塌陷
 Digging the basement secretly leads to collapse of ground


 

本刊评论综述

 

1月24日,北京西城区德内大街93号院发生大面积塌陷。经认定,此次塌陷系业主违规私挖近18米深的地下室导致。看似偶然事故,经过各媒体记者的深访与调查,竟然成为北京这座城市暗处风气已久。

 

随着北京房价的不断升值,一处房产的价值被房主用各种手段不断性的扩大化,擅自开挖地下室的行为无疑会对房主与周围邻里产生危险,塌陷的严重后果已经涉嫌危害公共安全犯罪,然而有着这样的严重影响,仍然有很多人对私挖地下室趋之若鹜,“我的房子我做主”是很多房屋所有者的想法, 却不知道已经触犯了法律,严重者甚至会受到刑罚处罚。 如果发现业主超出规划许可证批准的内容建设地下室,规划部门将认为业主是属于以欺骗的方式取得规划许可,会立即按照《行政许可法》的规定撤销所发的建设工程规划许可证。这意味着该处建设工程会被认定为新生违法建设。 因为私自建设地下室是严重危害公共安全的行为,如果违建业主逾期不履行,且经催告仍不履行改正义务,行政机关将代履行,用水泥回填地下室。而由此产生的材料费、人工费、技术评估费等各种费用都将由违建业主承担。

 

处理的内容还不仅仅是建筑物本身。规划部门撤销许可证后,一方面要在媒体上发布公告,公布有关违法事实和处理意见,另一方面要以涉嫌危害公共安全罪向公安机关移送有关案件线索。

 

公民对于自己的所有物,有权利享受其带来的合法权益,但是同时应当遵守法律法规,不可将一己私利凌驾于社会安全之上。没有无回馈的义务,也就没有无边界的权利。   

On January 24, a major area of neighborhoods in Beijing Xicheng District collapsed. As the assessment shows, the collapse is due to the illegal digging for extra basement by its owner. This eye-catching accident also triggers the public attention to illegal construction inside the Beijing traditional quadrangle courtyard, which seems to be more common than people may think.

In fact, the illegal construction can harm the public safety, as it shows in the above case. The owner of such illegal construction will face a punishment according to Administrative Licensing Law, since the extra construction beyond the planning permit issued by the authority will be treated as a conduct of fraudulent conduct to obtain the planning permission.

Every right has a limit. In spite of the ownership, the right holders still have to abide their behaviors by the laws and regulations.

 

视 点

View Point

工商对阵阿里——法律版理智与情感
 

媒体评论:(Comments From Media)

 

打起来了!工商总局与阿里巴巴

Conflicts between SAIC and Alibaba

阿里对战工商总局
Alibaba vs. SAIC

阿里巴巴和工商总局打起来了 咋回事?
Why is Alibaba confronting SAIC?

外媒如何报道阿里巴巴对抗工商总局
How do foreign media report the conflicts between Alibaba and SAIC?

工商总局被迫撤文,阿里真的赢了吗
SAIC has to withdraw its disclosed documents: Does Alibaba really win?

阿里陷"假货"危局
Alibaba is stuck in “fake products” crisis
 

 

本刊评论综述

    

1月23日,国家工商总局发布《2014年下半年网络交易商品定向监测结果》。报告显示,国家工商总局网监司委托中国消费者协会开展网络交易商品定向监测中,淘宝网样本51个,正品率为37.25%。27日,一位淘宝网运营者发出公开信,直接就这份报告所存在的程序性问题点名该司刘红亮司长,认为这份报告不仅抽样太少、逻辑混乱,还存在程序违规问题,并直言“避免黑哨对市场无比重要”。28日上午,国家工商总局披露了2014年《关于对阿里巴巴集团进行行政指导工作情况的白皮书》。其中指出阿里系网络交易平台存在主体准入把关不严、对商品信息审查不力、销售行为管理混乱、信用评价存有缺陷、内部工作人员管控不严等5大突出问题,并对阿里巴巴集团提出相关工作要求。

 

国家工商总局对网络商品的监测是出于保护消费者的目的,也是依法履行职责,但是这样一种看似简单的行政行为为什么会受到淘宝方的谴责与不满?对于淘宝的消费者与运营者来讲,淘宝有假货是不争的事实。消费者对于假货的反感很微弱,基本的关注点在于物美价廉;运营者对于正品的概念很单薄,基本的聚焦点在于薄利多销。这样一个不正常的双赢状况在中国网络市场存在良久。工商总局的做法无非是将已知的事实揭露成数据予以公布,却引发了一场官商争论,不论工商总局带有多少情感色彩对待这次监测,我们都应当理智的反思,“打假”在中国网络市场的意义与方向。正如马云所言,假货是所有商业模式发展的硬伤,假货不是淘宝造成的。社会问题不能靠一个公司,一个平台来单干。必须动用一切资源和力量,通过社会共同治理,而不是各自为政,互相指责。   

January 23th, SAIC issued a report on online commodity trading. The report shows that in a sample of 51 products purchased on Taobao, only 37.25% of them are authentic. Later on 27th, Taobao issued an open letter and directly named the official in charge, Mingliang Liu, to argue for procedural issues involved with the report, including limited sample, logical confusion as well as procedural irregularities, quite bluntly. Following the open letter, SAIC disclosed one more specific report on the Alibaba Group, which states that multiple problems have been found on the internet commercial platform of Alibaba.

Though information disclosure of SAIC aims to regulate the market and fight against fake products, which will eventually benefits consumers and the whole market, some comments also point out that the regulator should be less emotional during its enforcement of law and regulations.

 

 

公告

敬爱的读者:                                                                         
       

        本刊已被北大法宝法学期刊数据库收录,即日起读者可登陆北大法律信息网阅览本刊内容及过往期次。谢谢!
                

                                                                               本刊编辑部 

 
 

编辑团队

北京大学公众参与研究与支持中心
主任:王锡锌(北京大学法学院副院长、教授);副主任:李媛媛(北京大学法学博士)
本刊编辑:谢宇(北京大学法学院2013级硕士) 卓昊洋(北京大学法学院2013级硕士)
 

 

 
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